import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import geopandas as gpd
from descartes import PolygonPatch

world = gpd.read_file(gpd.datasets.get_path('naturalearth_lowres'))

def plotCountryPatch( axes, country_name, fcolor ):
    # plot a country on the provided axes
    nami = world[ == country_name]
    namigm = nami.__geo_interface__['features']  # geopandas's geo_interface
    namig0 = {'type': namigm[0]['geometry']['type'], \
              'coordinates': namigm[0]['geometry']['coordinates']}
    axes.add_patch(PolygonPatch( namig0, fc=fcolor, ec="black", alpha=0.85, zorder=2 ))

# plot the whole world
#ax2 = world.plot( figsize=(8,4), edgecolor=u'gray', cmap='Set2' )

# or plot Africa continent
ax2 = world[world.continent == 'Africa'].plot(figsize=(8,8), edgecolor=u'gray', cmap='Pastel1')

# then plot some countries on top
plotCountryPatch(ax2, 'Namibia', 'red')
plotCountryPatch(ax2, 'Libya', 'green')

# the place to plot additional vector data (points, lines)